What is the purpose of the knowledge test for admission and the simulation to bear loss?

We try to keep them brief, but these questionnaires exist for investor protection. It is a new measure brought in by the European Crowdfunding Regulation, mandatory for all EU platforms, which, like Goparity, provide crowdlending services, and applicable only to Non-Sophisticated Investors.


Immediately after creating an account, non-sophisticated investors are presented with a multiple-choice questionnaire so that we can assess whether and which services are suitable for them, as well as their ability to bear losses. These are questions about your financial situation, experience and knowledge of financial and investment products, investment objectives, as well as your basic understanding of the risk inherent in investing in general and the risk associated with crowdlending.


We will ask you to answer these questions every two years, and it is essential that you answer them on the basis of correct and up-to-date information. 


If, on the basis of your answers, Goparity believes that investing certain amounts is not suitable for your investor profile, we will issue you with a risk warning. Should you wish to invest amounts that we consider too high for your profile, we will also remind you of these risks of loss of capital.


The maximum recommended capacity for non-sophisticated investors to bear capital losses is 10% of their net worth. 


Net worth = (net annual income) + (total of liquid assets) – (annual financial commitments)


Net annual income: the total annual income received by the non-sophisticated investor after deduction of associated costs and charges, social contributions and taxes. The total annual income shall be the sum of any labour incomeany interests on bank deposits or other debt instrumentsany dividend payments or any real estate incomewhereby: 

  • labour income’ shall include wagesunemployment benefits and pension payments received by the non-sophisticated investorwith the exclusion of exceptional payments;
  • interests on bank deposits or other debt instruments’ shall include payments on bank deposits or other debt instruments received by the non-sophisticated investor during the preceding calendar yearwith the exclusion of exceptional payments; 
  • dividend payments’ shall include payments received by the prospective non-sophisticated investor by virtue of holding shares or units of a collective investment scheme or other equity instrumentswith the exclusion of any capital gains realised by selling all or part of such holding;
  • real estate income’ shall include any payment received in relation to the renting of real estate propertieswith the exclusion of any capital gain realised by selling all or part of such real estate properties. 


Total liquid assetsthe sum of the total cash held by a non-sophisticated investor on saving accounts and current accountsand the value of assets that can be easily and swiftly converted into cash, including: 

  • saving products that can be turned into cash within a maximum of 30 calendar days; 

  • financial instruments negotiated on a regulated market (within the meaning of Article 4(1), point (21), of Directive 2014/65/EU); 

  • shares and units of collective investment schemes offering redemption rights on at least a weekly basis. 


The following assets shall not be considered as liquid assets: 

  • real estate properties; 
  • amounts paid to a pension scheme for occupational retirement purposes; 
  • company shares which are not freely redeemable or transferableincluding previous crowdfunding investments. 

 

Annual financial commitmentsall the expenditures for which a non-sophisticated investor has undertaken a commitment in relation to a given calendar yearincluding: 

  • alimony and child support payments; 

  • rent and mortgage payments; 

  • repayments of loans; 

  • payments of insurance premiums; 

  • utilities expenses paymentsincluding those made to cover electricityheating and water expenses; 

  • service subscription payments; 

  • income tax and property taxes. 

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